LINUS PAULING VIDEOS

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viernes, mayo 31, 2013

“The Scientist as Educator and Public Citizen: Linus Pauling and His Era.”

“The Scientist as Educator and Public Citizen: Linus Pauling and His Era.”
“The Scientist as Educator and Public Citizen: Linus Pauling and His Era.”. October 29 - 30, 2007

October 29 - 30, 2007

Linus Pauling revolutionized the way chemistry was taught in university classrooms when he published his 1947 college textbook, General Chemistry. It soon became the standard introductory chemistry text used in universities all over the world, and it secured Pauling's place in the public mind as a major scientific figure of the twentieth century. Then, barely a decade after establishing himself as the leading chemist in America, Pauling -- with the encouragement of his wife Ava Helen -- effectively "switched gears" and started channeling his efforts into another, more pressing matter: educating the public about the dangers of nuclear testing. By stating that no human being should be sacrificed to any nation's program of perfecting nuclear weapons, Pauling rallied the support of scientists around the globe and became one of the most outspoken opponents of nuclear weapons testing.

On October 29-30, 2007 a two-day conference at Oregon State University's LaSells Stewart Center was held to mark the sixtieth anniversary of the publication of Linus Pauling's General Chemistry and the fiftieth anniversary of Linus and Ava Helen Pauling's first public appeal for a ban on nuclear weapons testing. The theme of the conference was "The Scientist as Educator and Public Citizen: Linus Pauling and His Era."

Among the speakers were 1986 Chemistry Nobel Laureate Dudley Herschbach, speaking on "Linus Pauling as an Evangelical Chemist," climate research scientist Warren Washington discussing "The Evolution of Global Warming Science: From Ideas to Scientific Facts," and MIT Professor David Kaiser presenting on "Zen and the Art of Textbook Publishing: Quantum Mechanics and Counterculture in the 1970s." Other speakers included science documentary writer and producer Steve Lyons, award-winning science educator Bassam Shakhashiri, former British Museum director Robert Anderson, Pauling biographer Thomas Hager and OSU scientists Jane Lubchenco and Kenneth Krane.

The conference was sponsored by the Oregon State University Horning Endowment in the Humanities, the OSU History Department, and the OSU Libraries Special Collections. Thanks to the Oregon Public Affairs Network (OPAN) for filming the conference.

Video of all of the speakers is now available, along with full transcriptions.

BLOG DE LA FUNDACION PROSALUD A. C. SOBRE LINUS PAULING.

sábado, julio 25, 2009

DOCUMENTARY HISTORY WEBSITES

Oregon State University Libraries Special Collections

DOCUMENTARY HISTORY WEBSITES

Linus Pauling Online - It's In The Blood! WebsiteIt's In The Blood!
A detailed analysis of Pauling's research on immunology, the structure of hemoglobin and the nature of sickle cell anemia – a four-decade program of work that would lead to Pauling's famous fascination with vitamin C.

Linus Pauling Online - International Peace Movement WebsiteInternational Peace Movement
Linus and Ava Helen Pauling forcefully spoke out against Cold War militarism, nuclear proliferation and radioactive fallout. For his work as an activist, Linus Pauling received the 1962 Nobel Peace Prize.

OTHER LINUS PAULING RESOURCES

Linus Pauling Online - Day-by-Day WebsiteLinus Pauling Day-by-Day
An unprecedented accounting of Pauling's life from 1930 to 1960, presented in searchable, easy-to-use calendar form. Includes document summaries, scanned images and full-text transcripts.

Linus Pauling Online - Pauling Papers Online WebsitePauling Papers
The online finding aid for the Ava Helen and Linus Pauling Papers. Features detailed descriptions of the Paulings' correspondence, manuscripts, awards, personal libraries, photograph collections and more.

Linus Pauling Online - Special Events Videos WebsiteSpecial Events Videos
A growing collection of fully-transcribed video of notable figures including Nobel laureates Francis Crick, Dudley Herschbach, William Lipscomb and Roderick MacKinnon among many others.

 

Linus Pauling Online - Pauling Chronology Website Pauling Chronology
The most detailed overview of Linus Pauling's ancestry, life and work available on the web.

Linus Pauling Online - Learning Curriculum Website Learning Curriculum
For both teachers and students interested in studying Pauling's life and work.

 

Linus Pauling Online - Nature Of The Chemical Bond WebsiteNature Of The Chemical Bond
Recounts Pauling's legendary application of quantum mechanics to the scientific understanding of molecular architecture, research that revolutionized structural chemistry and resulted in Pauling's 1954 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

Linus Pauling Online - The Race For DNA WebsiteThe Race For DNA
Linus Pauling participated in one of the great "races" in scientific history – the quest to unravel the secrets of DNA. Though Watson and Crick ultimately solved the puzzle, Pauling's role in the story is highly intriguing.

 

Linus Pauling Online - The Pauling Catalogue WebsiteThe Pauling Catalogue
At six volumes The Pauling Catalogue is the definitive resource for scholars of Pauling and his era. The Pauling Catalogue is available for purchase at:
www.paulingcatalogue.org

Linus Pauling Online - The Pauling Blog WebsiteThe Pauling Blog
Updated frequently with fascinating stories from the world of Linus Pauling, The Pauling Blog also provides an inside glimpse into the latest news and activities of the OSU Libraries Special Collections.

Linus Pauling Online - Research Notebooks WebsitePauling Research Notebooks
Pauling utilized bound notebooks to keep track of the details of his research. Forty-six research notebooks kept from 1922 to 1994 stand as a testament to the length and diversity of
Dr. Pauling's career

 

Linus Pauling Online - Awards, Honors & Medals Website Awards, Honors & Medals
Images and descriptions of Pauling's many awards including honorary doctorates.

Linus Pauling Online - Centenary Exhibit Website Centenary Exhibit
An introductory-level exhibit for those just getting acquainted with Linus Pauling.

--
AHANAOA A. C.
Lic. Nut. Miguel Leopoldo Alvarado
http://www.nutriologiaortomolecular.org/
http://www.seattlees.com/

Website of the Week — Linus Pauling Online

Website of the Week — Linus Pauling Online


24 July 2009

It's time again for our Website of the Week, when we showcase interesting and innovative online destinations.

In recent years, more and more research libraries are using the Internet to share their archive collections, such as the papers and manuscripts of notable scientists.

Linus Pauling uses molecular models in a 1960s lecture
Linus Pauling uses molecular models in a 1960s lecture
"Linus Pauling Online is a portal to a very rich collection of Web-based resources devoted to the life and work of Linus Pauling," says Chris Peterson, who works with Oregon State University's Linus Pauling collection at pauling.library.oregonstate.edu.

Pauling, who died in 1994, was a chemist who developed the concept of the molecular cause of disease, and he is one of only two people to have won unshared Nobel Prizes in different fields.

"He won the Nobel chemistry prize in 1954 for his work on the nature of the chemical bond," Peterson said. "Essentially what he did was he formulated the modern scientific understanding of how atoms join together to form molecules. He was also a very prominent peace activist, and he won the [1962] Nobel Peace Prize for his work against above-ground nuclear testing."

Pauling's papers take up 1,800 boxes - more than 1,300 feet of shelf space - and only a small fraction is online, but Chris Peterson and his colleagues have tried to make the site accessible to all curious visitors, not just scholars. For example, there's a detailed chronology of Linus Pauling's life assembled by his biographer, Robert Paradowski.

"And so he gave us permission to put that text online, and we've done so and amplified it with illustrations, and we think that chronology is one of the more important and easily accessible texts on Pauling's life, and we're actually in the process now of translating it into Spanish." 

Linus Pauling Online also features a curriculum for both teachers and students, sections on Pauling's work on sickle cell anemia and his efforts to decode the structure of DNA and more. You can also read his research notes in his own hand at Pauling.Library.OregonState.edu, or get the link to this and more than 250 other Websites of the Week from our site, VOAnews.com.



--
AHANAOA A. C.
Lic. Nut. Miguel Leopoldo Alvarado
http://www.nutriologiaortomolecular.org/
http://www.seattlees.com/

sábado, mayo 16, 2009

Vitamin D expert receives Linus Pauling Prize for Health Research

Vitamin D expert receives Linus Pauling Prize for Health Research

PORTLAND, Ore. – Dr. Michael Holick, a professor of medicine, physiology and biophysics at the Boston University School of Medicine who has revolutionized the understanding of vitamin D and its role in disease prevention, today received the $50,000 Linus Pauling Institute Prize for Health Research.

The prize was presented at a biennial conference, Diet and Optimum Health, sponsored by the Linus Pauling Institute at Oregon State University. It recognizes international leaders in research on the role of diet and nutrition in health promotion and disease prevention, as well as efforts to disseminate knowledge on diet, lifestyle and health to enhance public health and reduce suffering from disease.

Holick is responsible for redefining vitamin D deficiency, a concern that's now seen as a national epidemic, and has been strongly criticized in the past 20 years when warning that abstinence from direct sun exposure through sunblock use was leading to increasing vitamin D deficiency – with serious implications for cancer and other diseases.

"I well remember Linus Pauling standing up to criticism and skepticism, a trait of Holick as well," said Nevin Scrimshaw, president of the International Nutrition Foundation, in nominating him for this award. "Today, Holick is recognized as a world renowned nutritional biochemist/physician whose research has had a global impact on the health of both children and adults."

Holick's work opened a wide field of investigation that has now demonstrated how vitamin D deficiency increases the risk of cancer, autoimmune diseases, infectious and cardiovascular disease, Scrimshaw said. And studies have concluded that more than 50 percent of the children and adults in the United States are vitamin D deficient – a growing crisis, due in part to successful campaigns to always wear sun protection outdoors and reduce natural production of what's known as the "sunshine vitamin."

Holick was the first scientist to isolate the active forms of vitamin D, and in the past three decades has become the world authority on photobiology of vitamin D through synthesis in the skin. He's determined that anyone living north of 35 degrees latitude can't make enough vitamin D in the skin during winter exposure to sunlight. His work has helped lead to vitamin D fortification in various foods.

In more recent work, Holick has shown links between vitamin D deficiency and the development of preeclampsia in pregnancy. An understanding of the health benefits of vitamin D was cited by Time magazine as one of the top 10 medical advances in 2007.

###

Previous recipients of the Linus Pauling Prize include Bruce Ames, University of California at Berkeley; Walter Willett, Harvard University; Paul Talalay, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine; and Mark Levine, National Institutes of Health.

The prize is named after Linus Pauling, a two-time Nobel laureate, OSU alumnus, founder of the Linus Pauling Institute and pioneer in the role of vitamins and micronutrients in promoting health and preventing disease.

Editor's Note: A digital photo of Holick can be found at: http://oregonstate.edu/dept/ncs/photos/Holick.JPG


--
AHANAOA A. C.
Lic. Nut. Miguel Leopoldo Alvarado
http://www.nutriologiaortomolecular.org/
http://www.seattlees.com/

lunes, diciembre 08, 2008

Te invito a leer ese articulo sobre LINUS PAULING

Te invito a leer ese articulo sobre LINUS PAULING
Se llamaba Linus Pauling, nació. con el siglo pasado y dada su longe- ... Linus Carl Pauling vino al mundo. en Portland (Oregon), en los Estados
LINUS-PAULING.pdf
--
AHANAOA A. C.
Lic. Nut. Miguel Leopoldo Alvarado
http://www.nutriologiaortomolecular.org/
http://www.seattlees.com/

lunes, agosto 18, 2008

El 19 de agosto de 1994 falleció Linus Pauling, Premio Nobel de Química en 1954

Pauling es una de las pocas personas que han recibido el Premio Nobel en más de una ocasión.

El 19 de agosto de 1994 falleció Linus Pauling, Premio Nobel de Química en 1954

Linus Pauling
Linus Pauling

Fue uno de los primeros químicos cuánticos, y recibió el Premio Nobel de Química en 1954, por su trabajo en el que describía la naturaleza de los enlaces químicos.

19/8/2008

Linus Carl Pauling (* 28 de febrero de 1901 - 19 de agosto de 1994) 

Pauling es una de las pocas personas que han recibido el Premio Nobel en más de una ocasión,[1] pues también recibió el Premio Nobel de la Paz en 1962, por su campaña contra las pruebas nucleares terrestres. Pauling hizo contribuciones importantes a la definición de la estructura de los cristales y proteínas, y fue uno de los fundadores de la biología molecular. 

Es reconocido como un científico muy versátil, debido a sus contribuciones en diversos campos, incluyendo la química cuántica, química inorgánica y orgánica, metalurgia, inmunología, anestesiología, psicología, decaimiento radiactivo y otros. Adicionalmente, Pauling abogó por el consumo de grandes dosis de vitamina C, algo que ahora se considera fuera de la ortodoxia médica.

En 1931, Pauling publicó su obra más importante, The Nature of the Chemical Bond ("La naturaleza del enlace químico"), en la cual desarrolló el concepto de hibridación de los orbitales atómicos. Tanto sus trabajos sobre los sustitutos del plasma sanguíneo (con Harvey Itano), durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial, como sus investigaciones en la anemia falciforme (o drepanocitosis, que calificó con el revolucionario término de "enfermedad molecular"), influyeron en gran medida a la investigación en biología de la segunda mitad del siglo XX. 

Notoriamente, Pauling descubrió la estructura de la hélice alfa (la forma de enrollamiento secundario de las proteínas), lo que lo llevó a acercarse al descubrimiento de la doble hélice del ácido desoxirribonucleico (ADN); poco antes de que Watson y Crick hicieran el descubrimiento en 1953. De hecho, propuso una estructura en forma de triple hélice, la cual, estudiando el ADN por radiocristalografía habría podido llevar a la elaboración de un modelo en forma de doble hélice.

--
AHANAOA A. C.
Lic. Nut. Miguel Leopoldo Alvarado
http://www.nutriologiaortomolecular.org/
http://www.seattlees.com/

domingo, abril 13, 2008

Linus Pauling

Linus Pauling

Entre los científicos que más han aportado para comprender el funcionamiento de la naturaleza, generando nuevo conocimiento más fiable a partir de teorías recién recibidas y gracias a su creatividad y capacidad inquisitiva, destaca Linus Pauling (1901-1994).

Nacido en E.U.A., pero discípulo de grandes maestros europeos (Sommerfeld, Bohr, Schrödinger), Pauling quizá fue fundamentalmente químico, pero trabajó en la encrucijada de la física cuántica y de la biología molecular, de la que es considerado uno de los fundadores. Intervino también no obstante en otras disciplinas, desde la medicina a la psicología o la metalurgia, con un talante enciclopédico digno de los grandes sabios de otras épocas. Recibió el premio Nobel de Química en 1954 y el de la Paz en 1962, por su activismo contra las guerras y el armamento nuclear, que lo movió también a salir de laboratorios falsamente "neutrales" ante los dilemas sociopolíticos.

Las aportaciones más relevantes de Linus Pauling fueron su teoría del enlace químico y su programa de análisis estructural de las macromoléculas biológicas.

  • En su célebre obra The nature of the chemical bond (1939) explicó en profundidad los enlaces químicos entre átomos y, por tanto, la estructura de las moléculas y sistemas cristalinos, y las propiedades resultantes de las sustancias, sobre la base firme y cuantitativa de la mecánica cuántica recién formulada, impulsando de forma decisiva la química cuántica.
  • En cuanto a sus hallazgos en el nacimiento de la biología molecular, aplicando las técnicas de la difracción de rayos X, determinó la estructura molecular de diferentes proteínas y estableció el modelo básico de grandes cadenas polipéptidas enrrolladas una en otra a modo de hélice, noción que abrió paso claramente a la hélice de DNA, de la que estuvo muy próximo.

Parece que suele decirse que Pauling redujo la química a la física, lo cual seguramente no es más que una manera de hablar y de hacer frases. Tal vez sí pueda afirmarse que explicó lo complejo a partir de sus componentes más simples, de manera matemáticamente precisa, todo lo cual es característico de la tradición científica y sirve para entender, calcular y predecir. Las propiedades, el comportamiento y los cambios de los cuerpos sólidos y demás sustancias dependen de la configuración de sus moléculas o redes de átomos, y por tanto de cómo éstos están enlazados. Pauling dio grandes pasos en la ciencia de las moléculas y por consiguiente en la comprensión de cómo se construye la realidad desde abajo.



--
AHANAOA A. C.
Lic. Nut. Miguel Leopoldo Alvarado
http://www.nutriologiaortomolecular.org/
http://www.seattlees.com/

sábado, diciembre 15, 2007

LINUS PAULING VIDEO CLIPS 2

Video Clips Linus Pauling 2

"Atomic Energy: Weapon for Peace." 1955.
View all information.

The Power of Atomic Weapons and the Need for International Understanding. The Power of Atomic Weapons and the Need for International Understanding. (2:23)
Hubert Alyea

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"Teller vs. Pauling." 1958.
Produced by KQED-TV, San Francisco, California.  View all information.

Discoveries both Great and Terrible. Discoveries both Great and Terrible. (2:17)
Linus Pauling

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Increases in Mutation Rates. Increases in Mutation Rates. (3:11)
Linus Pauling

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The International Struggle for Peace. The International Struggle for Peace. (3:11)
Linus Pauling

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"No More War!" 1960.
Robert Carl Cohen, producer.  View all information.

Nuclear Savagery. Nuclear Savagery. (3:50)
Linus Pauling

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Taking Action in the Fight for Peace. Taking Action in the Fight for Peace. (1:17)
Linus Pauling

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Petitions Against Nuclear Weapons. Petitions Against Nuclear Weapons. (1:20)
Ava Helen Pauling

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"No More Hiroshimas!" 1960.
Robert Carl Cohen, producer.  View all information.

People of Good Sense. People of Good Sense. (3:55)
Linus Pauling

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The Folly of the Neutron Bomb. The Folly of the Neutron Bomb. (2:45)
Linus Pauling

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Hope for the Future. Hope for the Future. (0:53)
Linus Pauling

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"Linus Pauling, Crusading Scientist." 1977.
Produced for NOVA by Robert Richter/WGBH-Boston.  View all information .

From War Work to the ECAS. From War Work to the ECAS. (1:11)
Linus Pauling, Robert Vaughn

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Encouragement from Ava Helen. Encouragement from Ava Helen. (1:06)
Linus Pauling, Ava Helen Pauling

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Denied Passport. Denied Passport. (1:30)
Linus Pauling, Robert Vaughn

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McCarthyism. McCarthyism. (0:40)
Linus Pauling, Robert Vaughn

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Hydrogen Bomb Tests. Hydrogen Bomb Tests. (0:52)
Robert Vaughn

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Carbon-14. Carbon-14. (1:25)
Linus Pauling, Robert Vaughn

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Appeal to Stop the Spread of Nuclear Weapons. Appeal to Stop the Spread of Nuclear Weapons. (0:26)
Robert Vaughn

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Subpoena from the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee. Subpoena from the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee. (0:19)
Linus Pauling, Robert Vaughn

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Bomb Test Suits. Bomb Test Suits. (0:28)
Linus Pauling, Robert Vaughn

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Limited Test Ban Treaty. Limited Test Ban Treaty. (0:20)
Robert Vaughn

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Nobel Peace Prize. Nobel Peace Prize. (0:17)
Frank Catchpool

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Speaking out against Vietnam. Speaking out against Vietnam. (0:55)
Robert Vaughn

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The Responsibility of Scientists. The Responsibility of Scientists. (0:53)
Linus Pauling

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"El Barco de La Paz (The Peace Ship)" 1984.
Produced by Alternative Media Network/Media Alliance for the Fellowship of Reconciliation.  View all information.

A Crucial Time. A Crucial Time. (0:44)
Linus Pauling

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"Linus Pauling and the Twentieth Century." 1996.
Produced by BMV Productions for Soka Gakkai International, used in conjunction with the traveling exhibit "Linus Pauling and the Twentieth...  View all information.

An Atmosphere of National Panic. An Atmosphere of National Panic. (0:40)
Soka Gakkai International-USA

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A Grilling on "Meet the Press." A Grilling on "Meet the Press." (0:47)
Lawrence Spivak, Linus Pauling

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An Act of Conscience. An Act of Conscience. (0:36)
Linus Pauling

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An Eventful Day at the White House. An Eventful Day at the White House. (0:15)
Soka Gakkai International-USA

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A Spokesman for Humanity. A Spokesman for Humanity. (0:24)
Soka Gakkai International-USA

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--
AHANAOA A. C.
Lic. Nut. Miguel Leopoldo Alvarado
http://www.nutriologiaortomolecular.org/
http://www.seattlees.com/

LINUS PAULING: VIDEO CLIPS

Video Clips de Linus Pauling

Interview with Linus Pauling. 1960

Courtesy of the National Film Board of Canada. 16 mm film.

Pauling's interest in sickle cell anemia. Pauling's interest in sickle cell anemia.
Narrator asks how Pauling got interested in sickle cell anemia and they discuss antibodies, Landsteiner, molecular disease, stickiness and clamping, Castle, Itano, Singer, Wells, and reactions to finding the first molecular disease. (4:52) Watch Video
The genetics of disease, a new field. The genetics of disease, a new field.
Narrator asks about mental disease. Pauling mentions sickle cell anemia got him into a new field, genetics of diseases, bad and good genes. (4:53) Watch Video
Broader implications of molecular diseases. Broader implications of molecular diseases.
Narrator asks, "What are the broader applications of molecular diseases?" Pauling replies that a better general understanding can be gained from this knowledge. They can now move in a straight-forward manner to attack therapy for disease. Also discusses phenylketonuria and his studies. (2:34) Watch Video
Future of enzyme research and treatments. Future of enzyme research and treatments.
Pauling mentions giving the Edsel Ford Lecture and his statements about the "Future of Enzyme Research." (1:23) Watch Video
Problems raised by medical research. Problems raised by medical research.
Marriage and children, what's the parent's obligation? Pauling discusses germ plasm deterioration, mutagenic effects caused by X-rays and radiation. He believes that society must attack this problem. Narrator asks about Aldous Huxley's Brave New World, to which Pauling replies that he thinks the bad genes can be dealt with without changing other aspects of people. (5:49) Watch Video
Scientists and moral implications of their work. Scientists and moral implications of their work.
Pauling states that scientists have a greater obligation than non-scientists to discuss the moral implications of their work and to work along social and political lines. (1:39) Watch Video

The Life and the Structure of Hemoglobin. 1976

Produced by the American Institute of Physics. Reel 250. VHS video tape. Running time: 30 minutes.

Magnetic testing of hemoglobin with Charles Coryell. Magnetic testing of hemoglobin with Charles Coryell.
Magnetic test of cow hemoglobin done by Pauling and Charles Coryell. They used an apparatus with a balance and passed electric current through the blood to further determine the structure of hemoglobin. (1:52) Watch Video

NOVA: Linus Pauling, Crusading Scientist. 1977

Sickle cell anemia as a molecular disease. Sickle cell anemia as a molecular disease.
Pauling talks about his work on hemoglobin and his realization of sickle cell anemia as a molecular disease. (2:02) Watch Video

Origins of Molecular Biology and Molecular Medicine. May 20, 1986

University of Alabama-Birmingham. Medical Television, Birmingham, Alabama.

Rockefeller funding to look at hemoglobin. Rockefeller funding to look at hemoglobin.
Pauling talks about his thoughts on hemoglobin and his communication with the Rockefeller Institute regarding further financial support for looking into the magnetic properties of hemoglobin. (1:37) Watch Video
Working on proteins with Alfred Mirsky. Working on proteins with Alfred Mirsky.
Pauling describes his work with Alfred Mirsky on the handling of proteins, the purification of hemoglobin and later their paper which outlined native and denatured proteins. (1:22) Watch Video
Working with Karl Landsteiner on immunochemistry. Working with Karl Landsteiner on immunochemistry.
Pauling recalls meeting Karl Landsteiner, who discovered the blood groups, at Cornell and receiving an intensive course in immunochemistry from him. He then talks about how this influenced his understanding and his own ideas. (1:43) Watch Video
Bill Castle's reactions to sickle cell anemia. Bill Castle's reactions to sickle cell anemia.
Pauling talks about first talking about sickle cell anemia with Bill Castle and his initial reactions. (2:05) Watch Video
Initial tests of hemoglobin by Harvey Itano. Initial tests of hemoglobin by Harvey Itano.
Pauling talks about working with Harvey Itano on testing different kinds of hemoglobin to observe their differences. Also discusses the number of different human hemoglobins reported so far. (2:20) Watch Video
Protein patterns of different species' hemoglobins. Protein patterns of different species' hemoglobins.
Work with Emile Zuckerkandl who ran protein patterns of hemoglobin of different species. Also talks about the evolutionary molecular clock. (4:11) Watch Video
Defining orthomolecular medicine. Defining orthomolecular medicine.
Pauling talks about defining orthomolecular medicine and then states his new direction to avoid directly competing with Harvey Itano. (0:38) Watch Video
Appropriate amounts of vitamin C for humans. Appropriate amounts of vitamin C for humans.
Talk about appropriate amounts of vitamin C for humans and how due to evolution humans don't produce their own vitamin C. (5:21) Watch Video

"The Impact of Linus Pauling on Molecular Biology." February 28, 1995

Talk by Francis Crick at the Linus Pauling Symposium.

Nature article by LP excites Francis Crick. Nature article by LP excites Francis Crick.
Francis Crick tells how an LP article in Nature about sickle cell hemoglobin got him excited about working on molecular problems of genes. (3:53) Watch Video


--
AHANAOA A. C.
Lic. Nut. Miguel Leopoldo Alvarado
http://www.nutriologiaortomolecular.org/
http://www.seattlees.com/